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词汇精选:beat的用法和辨析

推荐人: 来源: 时间: 2013-11-20 阅读: 3.09W 次

一、详细释义:


adj.

疲劳不堪的,筋疲力尽的

大吃一惊的

n.

拍打;节奏,拍子,节拍 [C]


例句:

Rock roll has a strong beat.

摇滚乐的节拍热爱强烈。


例句:

It's got four beats to a bar.

一个小节有4拍。


跳动(声) [C]


例句:

Why does my heart skip a beat when he looks in my eyes?

为什么我见了他会砰然心跳动?


例句:

You make my heart skip a beat!

你让我的心停止跳动!


一击,敲击 [C]


例句:

I heard the rhythmical beat of the drum.

我听到了有节奏的鼓点。


辖区,巡逻区 [C]


例句:

Her regular 'beat', you might say.

可以说这是她经常“巡逻“的路线。


例句:

The team police get to know the people in their patrol areas better than cops who must cover a larger beat.

小分队的警察比那些负责大片区域的警察更了解自己管片的群众。


v.

打,击,敲;撞击,猛撞,拍打 [I,T]


例句:

There was dead silence but for a fly beating against the glass.

当时一片寂静,只听见一只苍蝇不停地撞击着玻璃。


例句:

They were beaten to death with baseball bats.

他们被人用棒球棒打死了。


打败,击败,战胜 [I,T]


例句:

You can't beat the system.

你打不败现政府。


例句:

If they beat the visiting team. they'!! be the champion.

如果他们赢了客队,他们将成为冠军。


欺骗,诈骗,哄骗 [T]


例句:

They beat him out of hundreds of pounds on that deal.

他们在那笔生意中骗走了数百英镑。


例句:

I surely got beaten when I bought rice from a monger.

我从商贩子那里买的米,肯定被克扣了分量。


把…难住,使不明白,使无法解释 [T]


例句:

It beats me how to get him to understand.

令我为难的是如何使他明白。


例句:

It beats me how she can have done it.

我感到莫名其妙,她怎么竟然做出这样的事。


不断地走,徘徊 [T]


例句:

He was beating the streets looking for a job.

他在街头徘徊寻找工作。


例句:

He was beating the pavements.

他一直在人行道上往前走。


滴答作响,咚咚地响 [I]


例句:

The drum beats loudly.

鼓声大作。


跳动 [I]


例句:

His heart began to beat faster.

他的心脏开始跳快了。


例句:

Her heart beat madly with fright.

她惊得心慌乱跳。


搅拌,搅打 [I,T]


例句:

Beat up the eggs.

把蛋搅拌一下。


例句:

That cream won't beat.

那种奶油搅拌不成糊状。


搜索 [I]


例句:

The policemen beat about the whole length of the country for the escape.

警察在全国各地搜寻那个逃犯。


吹打 [I]


例句:

The storms beat on the beach.

暴风雨冲打着海滩


例句:

The waves beat against the rocks.

波浪拍击着岩石。


赶在…前面,抢先 [T]


例句:

We beat the deadline.

我们赶在最后期限之前完成。


例句:

I beat him to the parking space.

我赶在他前头占了那停车位置。


好于,优于,胜于 [T]


例句:

Making reservations for a room at a hotel beats waiting in line.

预定旅馆房间比排队等候强。


例句:

Being boss of a software firm beats selling insurance.

软件公司的老板比卖保险强多了。


中断,中止 [I]


例句:

The rescuers were beaten back by strong winds and currents.

救援人员因风浪太大而被迫中断工作。


例句:

South Africa's ruling National Party has beaten off a right-wing challenge.

南非执政的国民党已经击退了右翼分子的一次挑战。


打破,超过, 突破 [T]


例句:

He was as eager as his Captain to beat the record.

他和队长一样渴望打破这项纪录。


二、词义辨析:


conquer,overcome,overthrow,defeat,beat,subdue

这些动词均含“征服,战胜”之意。conquer侧重战胜和控制。书面用词。overcome多指战胜或克服非物质的东西,如困难和不良习惯等。语气较弱也可指在斗争或竞争中战胜或压倒对方。overthrow指彻底击败对手,使其丧失力量和地位。defeat普通用词,多指在战争、比赛、竞选或辩论中战胜对手,侧重胜利的暂时性。beat口笔语均可用,可与defeat换用。subdue正式用词,与conquer同义,但强调失败后的臣服状态;也可用作借喻,表克制、压抑感情、欲望等。


三、词义辨析:


beat,strike,hit,thrash,whip

这些动词均含有“打”之意。beat普通用词,含义广泛,指连续打击。游戏、竞赛或战争中作打败解。strike普通用词,多指急速或突然一次猛击。hit普通用词,常与strike换用,侧重有目标的猛击,强调用力击中。thrash侧重指用棍子或鞭子等痛打。whip多指用鞭子抽打。


四、相关短语:


beat a retreat

鸣金收兵,打退堂鼓,撤退,放弃


beat about

v.四处闲逛,四处搜寻[航海]迎风斜驶


beat around the bush

拐弯抹角,说话兜圈子,旁敲侧击


beat down

v.打倒,杀价,镇压,使沮丧


beat out

敲出,锤薄;胜过,压倒;使精疲力尽


beat up

1.痛打2.搅拌beat-upa. 1.用坏了的


beat back

击退


beat generation

n. 美国二战后出生的,服饰奇特,行为乖僻的一代


beat in

打进


一、参考例句:


subcarrier beat

副载波差拍


He beat Ball up.

他把鲍尔揍了一顿。


We beat the deadline.

我们赶在最后期限之前完成。


Beat up the eggs.

把蛋搅拌一下。


Never beat De-peng in DOTA.

打DOTA从没超越得鹏。


Princeton beat harvard at football.

普林斯顿大学在橄榄球赛中胜了哈佛大学。


They beat him into unconsciousness.

他们把他打昏过去了。


An English breakfast beat me.

一顿英国早餐把我给难住了。


Don't beat yourself down.

”你有能力去改变,你只需要相信自己,不要被自己打败。


He beat time with his fingers.

他用手指打拍子。


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