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prune是什么意思 prune的用法 prune怎么读

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prune

英 [pruːn]美 [prun]

vi. 删除;减少

vt. 修剪;删除;剪去

n. 深紫红色;傻瓜;李子干

n. (Prune)人名;(罗)普鲁内

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prune是什么意思 prune的用法 prune怎么读

记忆方法

1. prune <=====> plum (同源词,Change of pr- to pl- is peculiar to Germanic.)
2. prune <=====> preen.
3. 谐音“破芦嗯、破芦呢”-----剪破、修剪芦苇。
4. perhaps from pro- + round => *pround => *prund => prun- + -e => prune "cut in a rounded shape in front".

中文词源

prune 梅子干,李子干

来自拉丁语pruna,李子,来自希腊语proumnon,李子。

prune 修剪树枝,裁剪,精减

来自古法语proignier,剪枝,给鸟修剪羽毛,来自pro-,向前,rotundus,圆的,词源同round,rotate. 即使圆润,剪掉枝桠,引申词义裁剪,精减等。脱落字母t,习惯性插入字母g.

英语词源

prune

prune: English has two distinct words prune. The older, ‘dried plum’ [14], is ultimately the same word as plum, and indeed in the 16th and 17th century was often used for ‘plum’. It comes via Old French prune from Vulgar Latin *prūna, which also gave English (through Germanic) plum. Prune ‘cut off unneeded parts’ [15] denotes etymologically ‘cut in a rounded shape in front’. It comes via Old French proignier from Vulgar Latin *prōrotundiāre, a compound verb formed from the Latin prefix prō- ‘in front’ and rotundus ‘round’ (source of English rotund and round).


=> plum; rotund, round

prune (n.)

mid-14c., "a plum," also "a dried plum" (c. 1200 in place name Prunhill), from Old French pronne "plum" (13c.), from Vulgar Latin *pruna, fem. singular formed from Latin pruna, neuter plural of prunum "a plum," by dissimilation from Greek proumnon, from a language of Asia Minor. Slang meaning "disagreeable or disliked person" is from 1895. Prune juice is from 1807.

prune (v.)

early 15c., prouyne, from Old French proignier "cut back (vines), prune" (Modern French provigner), of unknown origin. Perhaps [Watkins] from Gallo-Roman *pro-retundiare "cut in a rounded shape in front," from pro- "forth" (see pro-) + *retundiare "round off," from Latin rotundus (see round (adj.)). Klein suggests the Old French word is from provain "layer of a vine," from Latin propago (see prop (n.1)).

Or the Middle English word might be identical with the falconry term proinen, proynen "trim the feather with the beak" (late 14c.), source of preen [Barnhart]. Related: Pruned; pruning. Pruning hook is from 1610s; pruning knife from 1580s.

权威例句

1. You have to prune a bush if you want fruit.

如果想让灌木结果,就必须进行修剪。

2. Prune rambling roses when the flowers have faded.

花朵凋谢后要剪除杂生的玫瑰枝。

3. There is no best way to prune.

没有最好的修剪方法。

4. When should you prune apple trees?

苹果树应该什么时候剪枝?

5. Compare clip, pare , prune , trim and shave.

试比较clip、pare 、 prune 、 trim、shave这几个词.

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